Why are Tin Whistles Rarely Now Made from Tin?


There are few instruments where the name itself has been derived from the material they are made of.  The Tin whistle is one such- the guitar, piano, saxophone, clarinet, violin (to name just few) never had their names prefixed by the material they were made from.  Perhaps the only other rare example is the instrument family known as brass instruments.

Of course the danger of naming an instrument after the material it is made of, is that sometimes that material changes!  In fact the first whistles were made of hollow plant stalks – bamboo or similar – or sometimes even bone (vultures wing-bones were popular for this use 40,000 years ago).

The cultural history of the whistle, at least in Europe, does owe a lot to tin.  Tin-smithing was an accessible and popular trade which involved an apprenticeship of 4-6 years with a master tinsmith – making cutlery, tin cups, baking tins candle holders and similar items.  Before becoming master tinsmiths themselves many took to the road becoming journeymen and peddlers.  Against this backdrop it’s easy to see how the tin whistle flourished – making use of the skills of the crafts-people while being portable – and the whistle will forever been associated with the traveler traditions of Europe.

So why has tin become less favourable as a material for making whistles from?   If you look at some of the world’s top whistle makers – Chris Abell, Phil Hardy,  Michael Burke, Colin Goldie, Michael Copland, – you’ll notice that none in fact use tin to make whistles from.  The answer is really that the same qualities that made tin the favourable choice of material for several decades – it’s relatively soft and thin meaning that it could be cold rolled as well soldered – became detrimental when the tools available to the whistlesmith evolved.  The advent of machine tools extended the possibilities – the lathe became the primary instrument of the whistle maker.  Even gripping soft, thin, metal like tin, is awkward as the material deforms, never mind cutting it.   Thicker more rigid materials became advantageous because they could be worked on more easily with the new tools available, and the thickness of the material could be used in new ways- to more control-ably form the airway and labium- the critical sound forming parts of a whistle.  Of these materials – brass, steel & stainless steel, silver steel to name a few, aluminium became the most favourable because it is the easiest to form accurately, is strong, and yet light to aid resonance [though whistles rely a lot less on the resonance of the material than many other instruments, like a guitar for example].  In an instrument where the formation of the sound is much more dependent on its shape than the material used, then generally the material selection will be based on which it is easiest to form the desired shape with.

Bernard Overton’s aluminium Low Whistle of the 70s became the blue print for other low whistles- the birth (or perhaps rebirth) of this instrument was inherently linked to adoption of aluminium as a material to make whistles from.  This has gradually filtered back to become the material of choice for high end tin (or high) whistle makers.  While tin/copper or nickel are still used in cheaper whistles, which retain a very important place, the heads tend to plastic molded, and so don’t lend themselves to the iterative or experimental approach required for making high end musical instruments.

Perhaps the best thing however, is that despite the changes in materials over the decades and centuries, the whistle remains a relatively affordable musical instrument.


New Pro A

While it had always been my intention that the Low G would be the next key to follow the Low D and the F, it is in fact the A that has come to fruition first.   The G remains very close, but it still needs that little extra something to give take that final 1% to being absolutely ‘there’.  The A definitely is that- those who have played the prototypes seemed to consider it to be best A they have played.  I’m certainly happy with them and I hope you like them also!  They are currently available to buy on this page.


Notes: The new As feature a slightly different tuning slide to the brass slides as used on the Ds and Fs. They are still low profile, but use a low friction plastic lining instead of brass.    They are also available in a satin plain aluminium finish.

Update on New Keys

I’ve been answering a lot of emails recently about when keys of whistles other than the D and F are going to come to fruition.  I thought I’d provide a general update here.  Though I had envisaged the G would be the next key, and we have taken a substantial number of advance orders for these, it is in fact probably the A which will be ready next.  Those on the waiting list for the Gs (some of which have been waiting for almost a decade!!!),  will be given first offer on the As.  In a best case scenario we would also see both the G and the Eb available before the end of the year.


MK prototype whistles

Polished Finish MK Pros Discontinued

Polished finish MK Pros will be discontinued for the foreseeable future.  This is so that we can concentrate on finishing work on different keys of whistles – G, A & Eb are all in the pipeline (quite literally!).   We do currently have a very small number of polished finish Mk Pro D and Fs until such time as stocks run out.


We’re expecting some prices to rise a little around early 2015.  Although price increases won’t be massive, if you’re looking to buy an MK Whistle you may want to do so before then!

Christmas Postal Deadlines

Here are the Christmas postal deadlines.  I’d advise leaving a little longer than this though if you can!

Wednesday 3 December – Asia, Far East (including Japan), New Zealand
Thursday 4 December – Australia
Friday 5 December – Africa, Caribbean, Central & South America, Middle East
Monday 8 December – Cyprus, Eastern Europe, Greece
Tuesday 9 December – Canada, Poland
Friday 12 December – USA
Saturday 13 December Western Europe (excluding Greece, Poland)

Wanting to learn to PLAY WHISTLE?


Be a Guinea pig for our new book!  (and get a free book when it’s published!).

 Suzanne Houston and myself are collaborating on a new whistle tutor book.  We’re looking to draw inspiration from recent innovations in music education like  Colourstrings  and the Kodály Method, developed in Finland and Hungary respectively.  We’re also looking to bring together the most eclectic range of tunes ever assembled in a music book- touching on all genres and corners of the world.


We are currently looking for a small pool of guinea pigs to test the chapters out on – to gather feedback.  Bare in mind this is a beginners book so we are primarily looking for people who have recently started, or are looking to start, playing the whistle.   If you’d like to be included please email [email protected] to express an interest.



prototyping whistles, design, testi

A busy workbench !

a busy workbench for making Mk Whistles by Misha Somerville

Limited Edition Blue/Purple

We do have a small number of limited edition blue or purple low Ds and Low Fs.  If you would like one please do get in touch with us.  They are priced as follows:

Low D (polished finish) –  £302

Low F (polished finish) – £287

whistle, blue , purple, mk, misha somerville

Photo by Somhairle MacDonald 


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